sports injury cannabis marijuana

Athletes at all levels experience sports related injuries. From professional athletes to the noon-ball gym rats at the local YMCA, everyone develops aches and pains if they play sports long enough. Most sports injuries lead to pain in one or more parts of the body. In some cases people sustain injuries to the brain.

Unfortunately many people treat sports injuries with pharmaceutical prescriptions that provide more harm than good. In many cases, a sports related injury leads to a lifelong battle with painkiller addiction or the abuse of other substances. Fortunately cannabis can be used instead of other harmful substances with great results.

Below are results from (and links to) scientific studies describing how cannabis can help treat pain and brain injuries:

PAIN

knee pain marijuana cannabis

“Cannabis may be effective at ameliorating neuropathic pain, and may be an alternative for patients who do not respond to, or cannot tolerate, other drugs.” – Wilsey B, Marcotte T, Tsodikov A, Millman J, Bentley H, Gouaux B, Fishman S. (2008)

“THC, when given at the right dose and time, prevents migraine-like pain…” – Ram Kandasamy, Cole T.Dawson, Rebecca M.Craft, Michael M.Morgan (2017)

“Medical marijuana legalization was associated with 23% (p = 0.008) and 13% (p = 0.025) reductions in hospitalizations related to opioid dependence or abuse and opioid pain reliever overdose, respectively.” – Yuyan Shi (2017)

“Our results support the claim that smoked cannabis reduces pain, improves mood and helps sleep.” – Mark A. Ware MBBS, Tongtong Wang PhD, Stan Shapiro PhD, Ann Robinson RN, Thierry Ducruet MSc, Thao Huynh MD, Ann Gamsa PhD, Gary J. Bennett PhD, Jean-Paul Collet MD PhD (2010)

“Vaporized cannabis, even at low doses, may present an effective option for patients with treatment-resistant neuropathic pain.” – Wilsey B, Marcotte T, Deutsch R, Gouaux B, Sakai S, Donaghe H. (2013)

“Cannabis demonstrated a dose-dependent reduction in diabetic peripheral neuropathy pain in patients with treatment-refractory pain.” – Wallace MS, Marcotte TD, Umlauf A, Gouaux B, Atkinson JH. (2015)

“Currently available cannabinoids are safe, modestly effective analgesics that provide a reasonable therapeutic option in the management of chronic non-cancer pain.” – Lynch ME1, Ware MA. (2015)

“This study shows that THC:CBD extract is efficacious for relief of pain in patients with advanced cancer pain not fully relieved by strong opioids.” – Johnson JR, Burnell-Nugent M, Lossignol D, Ganae-Motan ED, Potts R, Fallon MT. (2010)

“Medical cannabis appears to serve as both a complementary method for symptom management and treatment of medication side-effects associated with certain chronic conditions, and as an alternative method for treatment of pain, seizures, and inflammation in this population.” – Bruce Douglas, Brady John P., Foster Elissa, and Shattell Mona (2017)

Medical cannabis policies could reduce prescription opioid medication associated mortality, improve pain management, and significantly reduce health care costs.” – Beare Vyas, LeBaron, and Gilson (2017)

“Pain was significantly decreased (average 27%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 9, 46) after the addition of vaporized cannabis. We therefore concluded that vaporized cannabis augments the analgesic effects of opioids without significantly altering plasma opioid levels. The combination may allow for opioid treatment at lower doses with fewer side effects.” – Abrams DI, Couey P, Shade SB, Kelly ME, Benowitz NL.(2010)

“The preclinical and human data that do exist indicate that the use of cannabis should be taken seriously as a potential treatment of joint pain.” – Miller RJ, Miller RE (2017)

REDUCING OPIOID USE

opioids marijuana cannabis

“The treatment of chronic pain with medicinal cannabis in this open-label, prospective cohort resulted in improved pain and functional outcomes, and a significant reduction in opioid use.” – Haroutounian S, Ratz Y, Ginosar Y, Furmanov K, Saifi F, Meidan R, Davidson E. (2016)

“By the end of the 21 month observation period, MCP enrollment was associated with 17.27 higher age- and gender-adjusted odds of ceasing opioid prescriptions (CI 1.89 to 157.36, p = 0.012), 5.12 higher odds of reducing daily prescription opioid dosages (CI 1.56 to 16.88, p = 0.007), and a 47 percentage point reduction in daily opioid dosages relative to a mean change of positive 10.4 percentage points in the comparison group (CI -90.68 to -3.59, p = 0.034). The monthly trend in opioid prescriptions over time was negative among MCP patients (-0.64mg IV morphine, CI -1.10 to -0.18, p = 0.008), but not statistically different from zero in the comparison group (0.18mg IV morphine, CI -0.02 to 0.39, p = 0.081). Survey responses indicated improvements in pain reduction, quality of life, social life, activity levels, and concentration, and few side effects from using cannabis one year after enrollment in the MCP (ps<0.001).” – Vigil, Stith, Adams, Reeve (2017)

“Among respondents that regularly used opioids, over three-quarters (76.7%) indicated that they reduced their use since they started medical cannabis.” – Piper BJ1,2,3, DeKeuster RM4,5, Beals ML6, Cobb CM4,7, Burchman CA8,9, Perkinson L10, Lynn ST10, Nichols SD11, Abess AT12 (2017)

“Among study participants, medical cannabis use was associated with a 64% decrease in opioid use (n = 118), decreased number and side effects of medications, and an improved quality of life (45%). This study suggests that many CP patients are essentially substituting medical cannabis for opioids and other medications for CP treatment, and finding the benefit and side effect profile of cannabis to be greater than these other classes of medications.” – Boehnke KF, Litinas E, Clauw DJ. (2016)

“Sixty seven percent of patients stopped using opioid medications after using medical cannabis. In addition, 29 percent of patients reported a decrease in the number of opioid medications after starting medical cannabis.” – Aclara Research (2017)

“All prescriptions for scheduled medications must be reported to the New Mexico Prescription Monitoring Program with opiates and benzodiazepines being the two most common. Based on these prescription records, patients enrolled in the medical cannabis program reduced the monthly average number of prescriptions, types of prescriptions (drug classes), number of prescribers, and number of related pharmacy visits. 71% of medical cannabis program enrollees either ceased or reduced their use of scheduled prescriptions within 6 months of enrolling.” – Stith, S. S., et al (2017)

“The growing body of research supporting the medical use of cannabis as an adjunct or substitute for opioids creates an evidence-based rationale for governments, health care providers, and academic researchers to consider the implementation and assessment of cannabis-based interventions in the opioid crisis.” – Philippe Lucas (2017)

“The majority of patients in this study believed that medical marijuana is a valid treatment and that it does have a role in reducing post-injury and post-operative pain. Those patients who used marijuana during their recovery felt that it alleviated symptoms of pain and reduced their opioid intake.” – Heng, Marilyn MD, MPH, FRCSC; McTague, Michael F. MPH; Lucas, Robert C. BA; Harris, Mitchel B. MD; Vrahas, Mark S. MD; Weaver, Michael J. MD (2017)

BRAIN INJURIES

brain injury cannabis marijuana

“Marijuana use is estimated to reduce premature deaths from diabetes mellitus, cancer, and traumatic brain injury by 989 to 2,511 deaths for each 1% of the population using Cannabis. The analysis predicts an estimated 23,500 to 47,500 deaths prevented annually if medical marijuana were legal nationwide.” – Indiana University South Bend (2017)

“Results suggest that an ultralow dose of THC that lacks any psychotrophic activity protects the brain from neuroinflammation-induced cognitive damage and might be used as an effective drug for the treatment of neuroinflammatory conditions, including neurodegenerative diseases” – Fishbein-Kaminietsky, M., Gafni, M. and Sarne, Y. (2014)

“A positive THC screen is associated with decreased mortality in adult patients sustaining traumatic brain injury.” – Nguyen BM, Kim D, Bricker S, Bongard F, Neville A, Putnam B, Smith J, Plurad D. (2014)

“Various cannabinoids rescue dying neurones in experimental forms of acute neuronal injury, such as cerebral ischaemia and traumatic brain injury.” – Grundy RI (2002)

“A synthetic substance similar to ones found in marijuana stimulates cell growth in regions of the brain.” – University of Saskatchewan (2005)